The Kansas-Nebraska Act of repealed the law and three years later the Supreme Court ruled the Missouri compromise law as unconstitutional and the Congress had no authority at the time to burn slavery in the territories. The Missouri compromise had it opposes and defendants. Many from the south opposed the Missouri Compromise by arguing that it portrayed that the Congress had the power to make laws regarding slavery. The northerners, on the other hand, criticised it by claiming that it aided in the expansion of slavery.
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Although the law was highly criticised, it helped in the preservation of the union between slavery and antislavery States for thirty years. The Missouri compromise was of crucial importance in maintaining a balance between the slavery and the Free states in America. By passing Missouri to be slavery state and Maine a free state, there was a balance in the house and none of the regions benefited at the expense of the other.
The northern states opposed the enactment of the Missouri compromise as it would lead to an increased population and territorial space thus granting the southern more power than the northern.
Additionally, the Northwest Ordinance was not a valid precedence because it was enacted before the Constitution was ratified. The Hamiltonian vision preached industrialization, while the Jeffersonian vision espoused an agrarian farming America. The northern states had slowly industrialized with the beginnings of textile manufacturing during the American embargo before the War of The southern states were built upon an agrarian economy because of their reliance on tobacco as a cash crop.
Missouri Applies For Statehood
The upland, interior areas of the South were now opened to cotton production and, as a result, cotton boomed to prominence over the next several decades. This butchery occurred on an unimaginable scale although this was not an immediate problem. Anyone looking into the future would quickly understand that the available lands would most certainly run out within a few short decades. Thus, the southern region looked towards the new virgin lands of the West.
However, there were major obstacles in the way. The bulk of the people flooding westward were emigrating from the northern free states and their free labor was in direct opposition to the institution of slavery.
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The sectional political balance in the U. Senate would be maintained over the next three decades until the Compromise of Also, the Missouri Compromise allowed the United States to continue its balance between the Hamiltonian vision of industrialization and the Jeffersonian vision of agriculture. This division began to reveal itself with the reversal of the Missouri Compromise in Under the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Congress delegated authority for each state, by popular vote, to determine the question of slavery in the territories. Slavery could now effectively move into formerly free territories.
The result was violent civil conflict in the Kansas territory otherwise known as Bleeding Kansas , the destruction of the Whig party, and the fraying of the national union in with the onset of the Civil War.
You must be logged in to post a comment. The agreed upon deal was to admit Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state- states would be admitted in pairs to keep the balance. The measure passed the Senate but faced resistance in the House by Northerners who wanted Missouri to be a free state. The debate did not end in , however.
Referred to as the Second Missouri Compromise, it helped save the Union for several decades. The Missouri Compromise was a necessary action to avert continued battles over the balance of power in Congress.
However, Thomas Jefferson predicted the peace gained by the Missouri Compromise could not last, writing to a friend:. I considered it at once as the knell of the Union.
The Missouri Compromise for APUSH | Simple, Easy, Direct
A geographical line, coinciding with a marked principle, moral and political, once conceived and held up to the angry passions of men, will never be obliterated; and every new irritation will mark it deeper and deeper. Sandford , which held that Congress had overreached in its enactment of the Missouri Compromise. He is in the process of writing a book on the seventeen Chief Justices.
He is also a past president of The Chicago Bar Association.